Originally Posted by NateR
That's a misleading way to phrase it. The Biblical canon was pretty well set before the Roman Catholic Church ever existed. The Old Testament was compiled in 400 BC and canonized in 90 AD. 64 of the 66 books in the Bible (Old and New Testament) were canonized in 206 AD. The Roman Catholic Church didn't exist until 324 AD and they simply confirmed the work of the Council of Jamnia and the Codex Barococcio, and added two more books (Esther and Revelation) in 373 AD. You phrase it as if the Catholic Church did all the work itself, when instead they simply stood on the shoulders of those who came before them.
There also needs to be a distinction between the Church in Rome (a congregation in a geographical location) and the Roman Catholic Church (the government-sponsored form of Christianity). They are not necessarily the same thing. Roman Catholicism didn't exist until centuries after all the Apostles were dead.
...and the New Testament
...The Gospels? The Pauline Texts? Revelation?
Your just as missleading! The Jewish Scriptures were Cannonized but the Christian Scriptures AND Christian adoption of the Jewish Scriptures, IN THEIR TOTALITY (including what the Jewish then rejected in their reformational view on their own scriptures) was pulled together by The Roman Catholic Church.